Tuesday, April 23, 2024
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The integration of machine learning and artificial intelligence (ML/AI) into cybersecurity has opened up new possibilities for practitioners. One of the most prominent applications is endpoint detection and response (EDR), where ML/AI leverages behavior analytics to identify anomalous activities. By analyzing known good behavior and detecting outliers, ML/AI can take actions such as terminating processes, locking accounts, triggering alerts, and more.

ML/AI has the potential to enhance security efforts and strengthen cybersecurity postures across various areas. For instance, ChatGPT, an AI language model, can swiftly convert a junior analyst’s prompt into a query, significantly reducing the entry barrier to complex security tasks. By leveraging ChatGPT, a rookie SOC analyst can receive guidance on creating alerts for specific cyber threats, empowering them to contribute effectively to the security team.

Another compelling application of ChatGPT is automating daily tasks for overextended IT teams. With the ability to understand and execute instructions, ChatGPT can assist in identifying and disabling inactive Active Directory accounts. This not only streamlines the process but also allows senior engineers and administrators to allocate their time to more advanced work.

ChatGPT also proves valuable in purple teaming exercises, where red and blue teams collaborate to test and enhance an organization’s security posture. By generating scripts used by penetration testers or debugging existing scripts, ChatGPT aids in improving defensive measures and creating better alerting mechanisms.

While the benefits of ML/AI in cybersecurity are abundant, there are limits to its usefulness. Complex human cognition and real-world experiences are crucial factors in decision-making that cannot be replicated by AI. AI tools serve as support systems, aiding in analysis and generating outputs based on inputted facts. Nonetheless, false positives produced by AI still require human verification and interpretation.

One of the significant advantages of AI is automating mundane tasks, freeing up human professionals to focus on more creative and complex work. By optimizing and expediting processes, AI can enhance the efficiency of scripts used by cybersecurity engineers and system administrators. For example, ChatGPT’s assistance in rewriting a dark-web scraping tool reduced completion time from days to hours.

However, concerns exist regarding the potential elimination of human jobs through automation and the malicious use of AI in the security sector. While AI has the ability to inform decision-making, it is still in its early stages and lacks the capacity to replicate universally subjective thinking, which is crucial for making practical decisions.

Despite these challenges, AI is not expected to replace jobs in information technology or cybersecurity. Rather, it is viewed as a crucial tool that empowers security practitioners by alleviating repetitive tasks and enhancing their capabilities. As AI technology continues to evolve, there is immense potential for ML/AI models like ChatGPT to revolutionize cybersecurity practices. The future holds exciting possibilities, and the industry eagerly awaits further innovations in this field.

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